A Complete Guide To Home Gardening
Setting up a garden has a substantial positive impact on your health, as gardening requires patience, knowledge and getting your hands dirty. It even creates a therapeutic atmosphere for a plant parent. This guide is ideal for knowing everything you need to know about gardening as a beginner, to build the perfect garden in your own home. Before we get into planting specific details, below are some essential tips to keep in mind before buying your plants:
A. Choose the location of your garden.
It’s essential to know where you would like to set up your garden, as it helps you understand space consumption, the availability of sunlight and watering your plants.
There are four possible locations:
The front yard or the backyard is a beautiful location to set your garden; the only thing to consider is whether your plants are exposed to sunlight throughout the day to help you decide what kind of plants you’d like to see in your outdoor garden.
b. Indoor garden
If you’re setting up your garden indoors, choose indoor plants that require minimal care. These plants would require a minimal amount of care, such as watering them would only be once-twice a week.
c. Balcony garden
Balcony gardens are a great way to beautify your homes; you can set them vertically or horizontally. It might be the perfect spot, too, as the plants will get exposed to sunlight.
d. Terrace garden
Having a terrace garden is quite helpful, especially during summers, as the plants absorb the heat from the sun; this helps keep the house cool. Another benefit of having a terrace garden is that you can now grow healthy, fresh, pesticide-free vegetables all within hands reach!
B. Observing the location of your garden
The second most important thing about deciding where you’d like to grow your garden is observing the location throughout the day and gauging how much sunlight touches the spots where you would place your plants. Also, remember to research which plants prefer shady conditions if you have less light available as certain plants require more sunlight (Such as Marigold, Hibiscus, Sunflowers, Zinnia and more) as compared to others.
C. Choosing what you grow in your garden.
Once you’ve chosen the location, it’s time to decide what you would like to grow in your garden. These can be fruits/vegetables, herbs, flowers or a mixed garden.
a. Such as, in a lawn garden, you can grow almost all the vegetables, flowering plants, and small trees like Tomato, Potato, Beans, Rose, Jasmine, Marigold, Drumstick, Papaya, and Pomegranate.
b. In a Terrace Garden, you can grow almost all varieties of flowering plants, creepers, vegetables, herbs, and other plants on your terrace as it gets enough sunlight throughout the day. Such as Marigold, Pansy, Mogra, Brinjal, Chilli, Onion, Mint, Coriander, Spinach and much more.
c. In a Balcony Garden setup, you can grow either horizontally or vertically. You can grow Tulsi, Creeping Rose, Lavender, Button Rose, Cactus, Begonia, etc. Whereas when you’re setting up your garden vertically, you can grow Bromeliads, Succulents, Baby’s Tears, etc.
d. As for Indoor plants, Money plants, Lucky bamboo, Pothos, Spider plant, and Coleus are some of the best plants to plant indoors, as they don’t require a lot of maintenance compared to outdoor plants.
D. Preparing the soil to start gardening
To start planting, you need to check what kind of soil exists in your front or back yard to help you choose the type of plant you can grow in your garden.
Our product, SoilMate, can be used to make your composting easier. It speeds up the composting process and keeps the soil bacteria healthy and safe. It decomposes various organic wastes to form compost and manage soil wastage. It also improves the soil’s nutrient content, competitively inhibits harmful bacteria, and repels disease-carrying flies and maggots.
Whether you’re planting in the ground or a pot, it is essential to prepare the plant beds by sprinkling some water to loosen the soil and creating 6-8 inches deep holes in the pot or yard with the help of a spade or fork. Keep in mind to keep some distance between the plants, especially if you’re planting them on the ground.
E. Choosing between sowing seeds or saplings:
Congratulations! Now that your garden setup is complete, it’s time to understand the difference between a sapling and a sowing seed. If you’re planning on buying a sapling, keep in mind that the roots need to be firm, white and dense. Whereas, if it’s sowing seed, put the seeds in a glass of water and whichever seeds are at the bottom of the glass are perfect to use for planting.
Now that you’ve chosen your plants, it is important to know about garden maintenance.
Here are some gardening tips to keep in mind for a well maintained and immaculate garden:
1. Water your plants the right way:
Watering your garden with a sufficient amount of water is essential, but it is also tricky, as too much water can make your soil soggy and rot your plants, whereas less water would dry out the plants thoroughly.
It is essential to water your plants regularly but keep in mind to balance how much water should be given to your plants as it can’t be too damp nor too dry.
2. Sunlight is essential:
A good amount of sunlight is essential for keeping your plants healthy. Even if you’re watering your plants enough but it’s not receiving a good amount of the sun, your plants will slowly rot away.
3. Keep your plant’s health in check:
Trimming the dead or overgrown branches can help avoid possible infections, as an infection can spread to your entire plant and your whole garden.
4. Keep a check on weeds:
It is essential to put out any weed growing in your garden, as it can suffocate the roots of your plants and stop your plants from absorbing nutrients.
5. Use the right fertilizer:
Choosing a natural fertilizer is essential to keep your plants healthy and safe from diseases carrying flies and maggots. Organica Biotech’s MagicGro Plant Care is formulated to improve nutrient uptake and help in leaf and flower pigmentation, making them brighter in colour.
6. Dust your plants over time:
Even plants love to feel fresh and clean; it is essential to dip the leaves or wipe the leaves of the plants to remove the dust so that the pores of the plants don’t get blocked.
Understanding your plant is the essential tip to having a strong, fresh and healthy garden. A garden could be outside your home, on the balcony or indoors but taking care of plants, in general, will always make you feel better, relaxed and welcomed in your own home. If you’re looking to know more about indoor plants and how to take care of them, you can check out our blog on maintaining indoor plants.