Poor Sanitation Situation And The Impact Of Using Bio Toilets
According to an estimate, 1.1 billion people all across the globe practice open defecation. India accounts for about 59% of the 1.1 billion people. One of the major reasons for the poor sanitation situation is the lack of toilets.
Close to 40% of the world population does not have access to safe toilets. As a result, human waste is left untreated in the open land areas which can spread diseases like cholera and diarrhoea. The monsoon season further aggravates the problem by washing the waste down the drain which reaches nearby water resources. The consumption and use of polluted water cause innumerable diseases and even deaths. Moreover, it affects the aesthetics of the place and threatens the environment too.
It is quite an alarming situation that needs urgent attention. The rural areas are most affected due to lack of sanitation facilities, sewage treatment plants, and other basic infrastructure. People often avoid building toilets due to poor economic conditions.
The government of India has started the initiative – Swachh Bharat Mission aimed to build toilets and solve the sanitation problem in India. Cement toilets and Pit latrines are productive, however, they are not feasible and sustainable in the long run. It has been observed that such solutions are expensive, requires large space, emanates foul odour, and may lead to cockroach and mosquito infestation too. Additionally, there is a risk of groundwater pollution as well.
Thus, cost-effective and innovative solutions need to be implemented. Bio toilets can be a game-changer and it can transform the sanitation landscape in a big way.
Bio toilet can be understood as toilets that use biological methods to degrade the waste or human excreta without the use of water. The process includes the use of powerful microbes that breaks and degrades human waste aggressively. A digester tank is used for the purpose and the microbes used are anaerobic. The by-products released are methane (which can be used as an energy source)and water. The treated waste is thereafter disposed of.
Some of the features of bio toilet include no electricity, saving water, elimination of bad odour, no bug infestation, no issue of clogging of the system, and maintenance requirement is almost nil. Additionally, it is easy to use, cost-effective, safe, and hygienic.
In rural areas, bio toilets are the best replacement for regular toilets as water scarcity and the absence of electricity is an issue in many places in India. Bio toilets can be installed at schools, public spaces, trains, temporary living structures such as construction sites, and other places as they are economical too.
Organica Biotech’s Bioclean Bio toilet products and solutions can solve the open defecation crisis in India and the world. The award-winning solutions have won appreciation and recognition in the Swachhathon Awards organized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India. It has also been recommended by the Mashelkar Committee as one of the only sustainable solutions to meet sanitation goals in India.
Bioclean – Biodigester+Bio-toilet – The powerful microbes accelerate faecal and septage decomposition and are highly effective.
Bioclean Biodigester – It is mobile, flexible, easy to transport, and requires a one-time installation. The three-part compartmentalization helps to degrade the waste completely before it exits the biodigester.
Bioclean Bio-toilets – Made of Unplasticised Poly Vinyl Chloride (UPVC), it is easy to install, durable, and do not require any maintenance. It provides excellent insulation from sound, heat, cold, rust, and rain and therefore has a shelf-life of up to 20 years.
Bioclean BD – It is highly capable of degrading waste in septic tanks, Biodigester tank, soak pit, pit latrines, twin pit latrines, and mobile toilet van under any condition. It curbs foul odour and combats pathogens.
The technology is a result of over thirty-five years of research. Over the years, we have accumulated 3000+ selected strains of bacteria. Each of the products developed may contain up to 76 different strains of bacteria. Biodiversity gives our product unique effectiveness over different conditions.
The microbial cultures in the bio-digester tank can effectively resolve the problem of treating human faeces. This would ultimately reduce the contamination of water bodies and resulting diseases. Bioclean Bio Toilet is a safe and eco-friendly solution to treat human waste and it can solve the poor sanitation situation in India and the world.