Want To Enhance The Growth Of Plants? It’s Time To Focus On Soil Microbiome.
Soil microbes play a major role in almost all chemical reactions required for plant growth, which take place in the soil. This is the main reason why the biological composition of the soil essentially determines its fertility.
Beneficial microbes are capable of degrading organic matter in the soil and therefore recycling the nutrients in soil and making them available for plant use. Some specific microbes also solubilize minerals like phosphorous and increase the availability of minerals to plants. Soil microbes also carry out nitrogen fixation in the soil, thus making nitrogenous compounds available to plants to utilize for their growth. Certain microbes also possess the capability of producing plant hormones like auxins which can facilitate the growth of the plants and improve the health and crop yield.
Improving crop yields would be possible only if the plants are protected against infections and diseases. Beneficial microbes play a crucial role even in this aspect. Microbes can competitively exclude pathogens, i.e. by competing for available nutrients and also by the production of inhibitory compounds. Hence, if the beneficial bacteria are present in high enough numbers, they can protect crops from pathogens. Some microbes also stimulate the natural defense system of plants and improve their immunity and resistance against pests and pathogens.
However, it is true that a single organism cannot provide all these benefits. Hence, a specially formulated blend of plant and soil microbes that can work in synergy to protect plants and improve plant yield, is required. Such a perfect consortium of beneficial microbes can improve the overall plant health and growth rate by sensing micronutrient deficiencies and facilitating the increased uptake of minerals, enzymes, amino acids etc. into the plant system.
These microbes can also reduce the usage of costly chemicals and medications, as well as reduce the losses usually incurred by farmers due to the uncontrolled spread of bacterial and viral infections. Overall such beneficial microbes can benefit farmers by improving quality of produce, increasing yield, better and faster growth of crops, protecting crops against biotic & abiotic stresses and reducing the overall costs.