Why Bio Toilet is a Sustainable Sanitation Solution

Bio Toilets

In India, millions of people do not have access to toilets. Lack of sanitation infrastructure in rural areas has forced a large population to follow open defecation practices. This, in turn, has opened up the possibilities of health hazards, causing dangerous diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid and dysentery, claiming hundreds and thousands of lives every year. Moreover, human waste in open grounds has led to soil and water contamination and environmental pollution, especially during the monsoon season. 

Besides the toilet access and open defecation issue, different regions in India suffer from water scarcity. This is another reason people residing in rural areas avoid building or using toilets, compromising the well-being and health of people. 

In recent years, special focus is also given to developing toilets or sanitation facilities that are sustainable and reduce water and energy requirements. It is in keeping with the Millennium Development Goal 7 or MDG-7, focused on ensuring environmental sustainability by the United Nations. Also, the government of India, with its Swachh Bharat Mission, is supporting all means to make India clean and defecation-free in the future. 

Thus, there is an urgent need for innovative sanitation solutions which should be able to solve the human waste disposal challenge, should be affordable, easy to install, easy to operate and support water conservation and hygiene. Bio toilets have emerged as one of the best and sustainable sanitation solutions in India. 

How do Bio toilets Work?

A bio-toilet contains a tank fitted below the commode or inside a pit underneath the ground. This bio-digester tank is loaded with an anaerobic bacterial population known as psychotropic bacteria. Known for their survival in extreme temperatures, bacteria acts on the human waste received from the toilet and feeds on it. The tank generally has three chambers that allows inoculum bacteria to break down the waste flowing from one chamber to another gradually but aggressively. In the last chamber, the human waste is converted into by-products such as methane, carbon dioxide and water. 

Methane gas produced can be used for electricity generation, lighting lamps or firing up gas stoves, whereas the by-products can be utilized as manure for gardening or farming. As bacteria digest waste completely, desludging is not required. This helps in avoiding the collection and transportation of waste from one place to another as waste is treated at the source. 

Advantages of Using Bio toilets

In a country like India with diverse terrains and topography, conventional toilets cannot be used in flood-prone, mountainous, snow-filled regions. However, bio-toilets can be easily used at such places as they can be easily installed. Additionally, it can be used at slum areas, schools, tourist destinations, construction sites, and other facilities. Other advantages of using bio-toilets include the following:

  • Supports water conservation as no water is required
  • Safe and Hygienic
  • Low Maintenance
  • Low Installation Cost
  • No Odour
  • No Pest Infestation
  • Suitable for all climatic conditions
  • Economical
  • Easy to Operate
  • Eco-friendly

Other sanitation solutions such as pit latrines used in India need frequent removal of waste. The transportation and treatment processes consume energy. Moreover, conventional toilets and connected septic tanks or sewage systems also suffer from odour and leakage issues due to waste overload. The malfunctioning toilets can also lead to leakage, causing water and environmental pollution. Bio toilets fix all these issues by providing eco-friendly human waste disposal and help in avoiding manual scavenging or solid waste removal practices. As you can see, bio-toilets have huge scope for scalability and can be used anywhere and everywhere. It is a perfect sustainable sanitation solution for India and other countries with poor sanitation.

Organica Biotech is one of the leading companies with advanced sanitation solutions. Bioclean Bio-toilet & Bio-digester is an award-winning solution that has won appreciation and recognition in the Swacchathon Awards organized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India. It has also been approved by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s University (SNDT)  and recommended by the Mashelkar Committee as one of the only sustainable solutions to meet sanitation goals in India. 

Bioclean BD is another product from Organica Biotech that helps in effective waste degradation inside a bio-digester tank under any climatic condition. It is also known for curbing foul odours and fighting pathogens. For more details about Organica Biotech’s Bio toilets and it features, contact us at any time.

Also Read: Bio Solutions For Sanitation Management Resource
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Post by Rohan Bhansali

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