In India, millions of people do not have access to toilets. Lack of sanitation infrastructure in rural areas has forced a large population to follow open defecation practices. This, in turn, has opened up the possibilities of health hazards, causing dangerous diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid and dysentery, claiming hundreds and thousands of lives every year. Moreover, human waste in open grounds has led to soil and water contamination and environmental pollution, especially during the monsoon season.
According to estimates, approximately 60 million tonnes of garbage is generated every day in India. To make matters worse, 75% of the garbage, which is around 45 million tonnes, is disposed off in the landfills without proper treatment. If the existing waste generation rate continues, experts believe that India will need close to 66,000 hectares of land, for dumping waste. Moreover, improper solid waste disposal can cause pollution, spread diseases and pose risk to public health. Thus, the current situation is quite alarming and better solid waste management practices and innovative solutions are the need of the hour.
The rapidly growing population, urbanization and changing consumption patterns in India has led to the generation of vast quantities of solid waste. As per the Swachhata Sandesh Newsletter released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in January 2020, 1,47,613 metric tonnes of solid waste is generated per day, from 84,475 wards across India. The existing process for collection, transportation and disposal, as part of municipal solid waste management, is under undue stress. Thus, improper solid waste disposal poses a great risk to public health.
Organica Biotech is one of the leading companies with advanced biotech solutions for faecal and septage decomposition. Bioclean BD is a natural microbial treatment product which uses high enzyme producing bacteria to degrade faecal matter. It is highly capable of boosting bio-toilet performance as it activates even in harsh climatic conditions.
Organica Biotech’s Bioclean Bio toilet products and solutions can solve the open defecation crisis in India and the world.
Sanitation is crucially interlinked with health and nutrition in more ways than one may immediately realise. In India alone, the lethal effects of the link between inadequate sanitation and ill-health is visible in some very dismal numbers, especially in the health of India’s children.
Brazil and India have similar trajectories in industrialisation, population, rapid urbanisation and the need to implement quick solutions for civic issues. But Brazil has cracked the urban sanitation demon, providing workable solutions for its society and lessons for India.
Every year when the monsoons roll along, we are reminded of Mumbai’s sheer lack of effective and well-managed sanitation. And the rampant spread of diseases like dengue and diarrhoea that comes with inefficient sanitation.
Mumbai generates 500 metric tonnes of plastic waste every single day. it’s probably hard to imagine that the plastic waste you generate could potentially be a large contributor to making diarrhoea a killer disease in India. But the staggering numbers tell a different story.
One of the biggest challenges facing India right now is solid waste management. Affecting cleanliness, health, sustainable and ecosystems everywhere, solid waste management needs immediate and urgent government intervention but also a revised perspective from we the people.