Sanitation is crucially interlinked with health and nutrition in more ways than one may immediately realise. In India alone, the lethal effects of the link between inadequate sanitation and ill-health is visible in some very dismal numbers, especially in the health of India’s children.
Brazil and India have similar trajectories in industrialisation, population, rapid urbanisation and the need to implement quick solutions for civic issues. But Brazil has cracked the urban sanitation demon, providing workable solutions for its society and lessons for India.
Every year when the monsoons roll along, we are reminded of Mumbai’s sheer lack of effective and well-managed sanitation. And the rampant spread of diseases like dengue and diarrhoea that comes with inefficient sanitation.
Mumbai generates 500 metric tonnes of plastic waste every single day. it’s probably hard to imagine that the plastic waste you generate could potentially be a large contributor to making diarrhoea a killer disease in India. But the staggering numbers tell a different story.
One of the biggest challenges facing India right now is solid waste management. Affecting cleanliness, health, sustainable and ecosystems everywhere, solid waste management needs immediate and urgent government intervention but also a revised perspective from we the people.
Diarrhoea, that slightly embarrassing infection we avoid talking about when we suffer from it! We often consider diarrhoea as something not very serious, yet in India it has become the second biggest killer of children under age five. Around the world annually more than 500000 children under five lose their lives due to severe dehydration caused by diarrhoea.
The buzzing of the crowd, vendors ringing their bells, calling out their wares. The intoxicating smell of vada pav overpowered by a baser and horribly unpleasant aroma. Human faeces in clumps on the railway track and flies everywhere. I was at Kurla station to greet a friend. That said, I could be at any long distance railway station in India and it would look and smell the same.