Waste can be defined as discarded and useless materials which do not possess any value. Solid waste is generated from different sources such as households, industries, agriculture, commercial spaces and other human activities, and pose significant environmental and public health risks. Thus, effective solid waste management is a necessity.
As per UNICEF, solid waste is categorized into two: Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable waste. Biodegradable waste includes kitchen waste, agricultural waste, human and animal waste, which can be decomposed by the biological action of living microorganisms. However, non-biodegradable wastes are those which cannot be decomposed biologically. It includes plastic, metal, glass etc. This is the reason why non-biodegradable waste management using different technologies and solutions have assumed greater importance today.
Waste is one of the biggest challenges faced by the world today, and the future of solid waste management depends on every single individual. Although government authorities, leaders of the nations, municipalities and local communities are working hard to manage the extensive amount of waste generated every day, a radical change in mindset at an individual level is the need of the hour.
On a broader note, improper waste disposal and management, which includes public littering, lack of waste segregation, uncontrolled collection and disposal and poor waste treatment practices, have greatly impacted the world. According to a World Bank report, 2.01 billion tons of municipal solid waste is generated every year across the world, out of which it is estimated that 33% is not managed properly, impacting the environment.
According to estimates, approximately 60 million tonnes of garbage is generated every day in India. To make matters worse, 75% of the garbage, which is around 45 million tonnes, is disposed off in the landfills without proper treatment. If the existing waste generation rate continues, experts believe that India will need close to 66,000 hectares of land, for dumping waste. Moreover, improper solid waste disposal can cause pollution, spread diseases and pose risk to public health. Thus, the current situation is quite alarming and better solid waste management practices and innovative solutions are the need of the hour.
The rapidly growing population, urbanization and changing consumption patterns in India has led to the generation of vast quantities of solid waste. As per the Swachhata Sandesh Newsletter released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in January 2020, 1,47,613 metric tonnes of solid waste is generated per day, from 84,475 wards across India. The existing process for collection, transportation and disposal, as part of municipal solid waste management, is under undue stress. Thus, improper solid waste disposal poses a great risk to public health.
Organica Biotech’s Soilmate is one of the best solutions to boost compost productivity. The rapidly acting bacteria decompose organic waste and convert it into nutrient-rich manure. It is capable of increasing the speed and efficiency of the composting process. You can do you part in controlling the waste menace by composting food waste using SoilMate.
The simple and effective technique helps in combating the solid waste management challenge. In this way, waste can be turned into a resource using composting and it is environment friendly too.
The individuals and society at large have started to think more responsibly. It must be followed by action as well. And you can begin with home composting. It not only supports the fight against the Coronavirus but also helps to tackle environmental pollution and climate change.
With lockdown, social distancing and quarantine measures in place due to COVID-19 pandemic, people are spending more time at home. This can put pressure on the septic tank system at your home. An efficiently working septic tank system can manage and treat the waste generated by a household. Embrace peace of mind by using Bioclean® Septic or Bioclean® Septic Plus and help your septic tank to work at its best always.
Solid waste management is fast becoming an urban crisis in cities all across India. Managing this will require individuals to also support civic bodies and be conscious of the waste they generate. An ideal start would be waste segregation and for all housing societies to start composting organic waste.
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