The use of anti-biotics in the aquaculture industry has been widespread and beneficial- but it has now progressed to overuse. Injudicious use of antibiotics in aquatic animals has led to antibiotic resistance. This was specially felt in the shrimp culture industry, where massive increase in production, massive overcrowding and unrestricted use of antibiotics led to emergence of anti-biotic resistant bacteria. This has, in turn, led to production crashes and losses to farmers engaged in aquaculture.
The word ‘bacteria’ generally is always coupled with a negative connotation in day to day life. This is because bacteria are mostly associated with diseases that afflict us. However, there exist a plethora of bacteria which are highly beneficial and crucial to the existence of mankind. . We have failed to realize their significance, their positive impact on our life and their contribution towards sustaining life on earth since the beginning of time.