In recent years, the modern agriculture system is facing the dual challenge of meeting food security goals due to the growing world population and the increasing demand for sustainable processes. More precisely, on one hand, it is expected to use efficient agricultural solutions that can boost productivity, which in turn, can meet the growing food demand. On the other hand, agriculture should be eco-friendly and follow farming practices that protect human health and the environment.
To accommodate growing food demand due to the ever-increasing population worldwide, agricultural systems have adopted various unsustainable practices to obtain higher yields. It includes the extensive use of chemicals. As a result, multiple global issues have emerged such as climate change, soil degradation, soil erosion, water and soil pollution and loss of biodiversity. Organic farming has emerged as a great alternative that can help in meeting sustainable agriculture and food security goals.
Cotton, one of the most miraculous fibers under the sun is noted for its appearance, performance and more importantly, its versatility. Right from Astronaut suits to sheets and towels in our homes – Cotton is literally everywhere and has maintained its place as the nature’s quintessential wonder in this fast moving world. Millions of hectares are globally devoted to the production of cotton and its many varieties.
It is one of the most important crops of India, which contributes heavily to the agricultural and industrial economy of the country. It provides income opportunities to millions of farmers and people working in the cotton processing field.
Rice is the staple food of over half the world’s population and is cultivated over a global area of 165 million hectares.
Therefore, crop failures and lowering productivity due to climate change pose a looming threat of starvation and food security, especially in developing countries.
By 2050, the world will have to feed more than 10 billion human beings. Organica Biotech has recognized this challenge, and devised sustainable strategies to address the problems that plague rice agriculture sector today.
The agricultural system at any location across the world is strongly influenced by the climate. The farming communities generally adapt and deal with local weather conditions by following certain farming practices, adopting infrastructure and using their experience. However, the problem of climate change and its consequences are expected to severely impact agriculture and threaten to disrupt the established systems.
Today, modern agriculture is playing a central role in solving some of the biggest challenges faced by humanity. First, the world population is increasing at an alarming rate, and it is predicted to reach approximately 9 billion people by 2050. The agriculture sector is expected to meet the growing food demand and accomplish food security goals.
The population explosion has always been a major challenge in India. The rapid urbanization, better lifestyle and the increased food consumption pattern today has led to a rise in food demand in the country. Therefore, increased food output is essential to maintain food security and meet consumer demand. It was precisely for this reason why the Green Revolution was introduced in the 1960s. Farming saw the adoption of modern methods, technology and extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, to boost crop yield. However, such intensification of agriculture led to the loss of soil fertility, pollution of soil, water and air and adversely affected human health and the environment.
Today, fertilizers are considered as an integral part of modern agriculture. One of the reasons why fertilizers are extensively used is because they provide important nutrients for better plant growth and crop productivity. However, the overuse of fertilizers has deeply affected the environment in myriad ways. It also threatens to impact human health.
Bangladesh, has a chiefly an agrarian economy where rice is the dominant crop. The climatic condition in Bangladesh also enables the year-round production of rice. Thus, rice is an integral part of the dietary culture and the main source of nutrition for the people. Also, rice production is the major source of income in rural areas.
Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing sectors globally. Indonesia is among the top three largest aquaculture producers all across the world. As per the reports available, the country earned approximately USD 4.24 billion by exporting fish and fishery products to other nations in 2014.