Like most other food production systems, fish farming too needs to become increasingly more sustainable. Biofloc farming – the new blue revolution – might just be the driver aquaculture needs to enter that sustainable future.
Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food production systems in the world today, responsible for over 50% of the total seafood globally. Which makes it imperative that fish disease is discussed and acted upon urgently to ensure aquaculture remains sustainable.
The use of anti-biotics in the aquaculture industry has been widespread and beneficial- but it has now progressed to overuse. Injudicious use of antibiotics in aquatic animals has led to antibiotic resistance. This was specially felt in the shrimp culture industry, where massive increase in production, massive overcrowding and unrestricted use of antibiotics led to emergence of anti-biotic resistant bacteria. This has, in turn, led to production crashes and losses to farmers engaged in aquaculture.
Aquaculture is the breeding, raring and harvesting of aquatic animals in all type of aquatic environments including ponds, lakes and oceans. The reported output from global aquaculture in 2014 supplied over half of the total quantity of fish and shellfish consumed by humans.
The young carp was caught in a pond of fish farm where they breed
There has been tremendous growth of aquaculture industry in recent times. Though, such industries enable controlled growth and close monitoring of the growth, they require lot of financial inputs for procurement of good quality seed, maintenance of growth conditions and disease control & management. The lators adds most to the total expenditure of the industry.