Portable Bio-Toilets & How It Can Change the Sanitation System in India
Portable toilets are makeshift units where human waste is stored in a holding tank temporarily. The waste is either removed completely or acted upon by different means.
We know that necessity is the mother of invention and the portable toilets were first invented during World War II in the 1940s to help military soldiers. Today, portable toilets are used for different purposes all across the world. Same is the case with India.
According to an estimate, more than 600 million people in India do not have access to sanitation facilities or toilets. The poor waste disposal system along with inefficient faecal and septage management has added to the woes. Lack of water is another reason people do not use toilets. Thus, people end up following open defecation practices. It causes environmental issues, health hazards and often leads to contamination of water resources as well.
Lack of awareness about the negative impacts of open defecation and the poor economic situation in rural areas prevents people from investing and using toilets. To overcome this challenge, easy to use portable toilets is the need of the hour. Plus, a hygienic human waste disposal mechanism is essential to dispose of the waste in places with no sanitation system.
The aim should be to promote toilet use without causing any harm to the environment. This is where portable bio-toilets and latest biotech solutions can help in transforming the sanitation landscape in India.
In a portable toilet, human waste is collected in a holding tank. A special solution is used to curb the odour. Thereafter, the waste is transported and disposed of. But this does not solve the problem of waste disposal. A bio-toilet helps in overcoming this specific issue.
The bio-digester technology used in bio-toilets treats human waste in the tank. Special anaerobic bacteria in the bio-digester degrades the organic faecal matter. In the absence of air, the bacterial community multiplies and fully digest the waste giving harmless by-products like carbon dioxide, methane and water. The anaerobic process removes the pathogens that cause water-borne diseases. Thus, pathogen-free water is used for gardening or to create biogas for cooking.
Sanitation is both an environmental as well as a social problem in India. Use of bio-toilets in rural areas can help in both aspects. The advantages include
- Less space than usual septic tank
- Less or no use of water
- No sewage connectivity required
- No periodical emptying is necessary
- No transportation of waste
- No maintenance is required for 20 years and more depending on the build material of bio-toilets.
The living bacterial community can be sensitive to factors like temperature, humidity, amount of waste and the chemical cleaning products used. Depending on the environmental conditions, the functioning of bio-toilets might get affected. Therefore, it is important to use biotech solutions along with bio-toilets to help it keep up the optimal performance.
Organica Biotech is one of the leading companies with advanced biotech solutions for faecal and septage decomposition. Bioclean BD is a natural microbial treatment product which uses high enzyme producing bacteria to degrade faecal matter. It is highly capable of boosting bio-toilet performance as it activates even in harsh climatic conditions. The other highlights include its pathogen combating technology that controls pathogens and curbs foul odour as well.
Thus, portable bio-toilets can transform the sanitation system in India. And using Bioclean BD will maximize the efficiency and performance of bio-toilets.