How Biofloc Fish Farming Can Boost Aquaculture in Myanmar
Myanmar, the second-largest country in South East Asia has long stretches of coastline which face the Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, and the Andaman Sea. The inland water bodies consist of millions of hectares of lakes, rivers, and reservoirs especially in the Ayeyarwaddy delta which has a large network of river and tributary systems. This has paved the way for Aquaculture to boom in the country.
Aquaculture began in the country in the 1950s. The industry growth was enormous by the 1960s as it became economically viable and production increased. Two types of species that are popular can be categorized into non-native like crustaceans, prawn & shrimp, and indigenous species like rohu which is the most popular fish of Myanmar.
Today, Myanmar ranks among the top 10 global fish producers. It is estimated that over 2 lakh people in Myanmar are engaged in Aquaculture. Fish is the staple food for the domestic people and a major source of protein in the diet. It is essential for the better health of adults and young children. Thus, fish farming supports the economy massively as well. Aquaculture for the past many decades has been the fastest-growing sector with a high growth rate as compared to capture fisheries.
Though fish farming is one of the main drivers of the economy and the major source of income for people, there remains a lot many challenges. In the last decades, fish farming accounts for only 22% of annual fish production which is way behind nearby countries like Thailand and Bangladesh. The other challenges include:
Traditional farming systems – Most farmers follow polyculture ponds where different species like tilapia and carps are reared. This leads to selective harvesting of the fastest-growing fish while others are stocked as fingerlings and remain as broodstock.
Water Pollution – Extensive production of fish without proper management and water exchange process can lead to water pollution and affects the growth of other aquatic beings. It leads to fish diseases and fish kills.
Environment-friendly techniques – Those farming systems which are environment-friendly are a growing trend globally and to keep up with standards, such techniques need to incorporate into the sector.
Sustainable fish farming practices – Sustainable aquaculture is the need of the hour. The fish farmers and businessmen are investing in management practices and solutions that help improve production without compromising sustainability.
Better growth and export – Consistent and high-quality products along with an increase in quantity are essential for better growth and export to other countries.
Cost-effective feed – Experts believe that 60 – 70% variable cost is attributed to feed. Thus, solutions that provide cost-effective feed can help the fish farming sector.
It is necessary that these challenges must be overcome for a boost in production rates, improved quality, better income, and growth of the country. With innovative fish farming solutions and by embracing the latest technologies, the people in Myanmar have a huge income potential through aquaculture.
Biofloc Fish Farming in Myanmar
Biofloc fish farming is one of the modern techniques which can boost aquaculture in Myanmar. Through biofloc technology, the quality of water can be enhanced and it maximizes the productivity of fish farming activity. It is a cost-effective farming method as the excess or unused feed and the fish excreta are converted into food and thus no waste is present in the water. This helps farmers save a lot of money on feed and water-exchange equipments and related infrastructure. Moreover, probiotics in biofloc keep all kinds of diseases caused by harmful bacterias at bay.
Organica Biotech’s Bioflok is a special formulation of microbes that act and consume on the waste and the fish excreta and turns it into useful feed available for the fish to consume. It eliminates the need for water exchange and prevents water from pollution. Biofloc fish farming systems and powerful solutions like Bioflok can transform Myanmar’s aquaculture capabilities and help in boosting the economy of the country.