Tackling ammonia in effluents

In recent times, due to the limited availability of water resources and rapid industrialization, it is mandatory to preserve water quality. Ammonia is one of the most common pollutant observed in industrial and agricultural effluents. It is used as a bleaching agent in chemical industries and also in production of fertilizers, plastics and explosives. In effluents ammonia exists in equilibrium with ammonium ions. The concentration of ammonia gas increases with increase in pH and temperature. At neutral pH most of the ammonia exists as dissolved ammonium ions, but as the pH increases to 12, both ammonium ions and gaseous ammonia coexist in the effluent. The estimation of Ammonia in effluents is generally carried out by Nessler’s method and is determined as Ammonical Nitrogen (NH3-N) in ppm.

A keen researcher, a voracious reader, a curious reveler and an earnest learner- One face and many facets! Dr. Ganesh Kamath, the dynamic founder of Organica Biotech, has worked extensively in the realm of environmental biotechnology. Leaving behind his lucrative career in Pharmaceutical Sciences in USA, Dr. Kamath’s vision to drive a change pushed him to lay the foundation of this environmental biotech firm. Under his enigmatic leadership, this firm has attained tremendous success and impacted the lives of numerous farmers, industrialists and consumers. His never ending perseverance and efforts have pushed Organica Biotech to the pedestal of being listed as top 20 Environmental Biotech companies in the world. Today Organica Biotech is creating immense value by working extensively in the fields of sanitation, solid waste management, waste water treatment, agriculture, aquaculture and animal health care, thereby impacting individuals, farmers, industries and society as a whole.

Cleaning toilets is an arduous task! Stubborn stains and foul odour are some common issues perturbing several individuals. However, a great cleaning can easily help one evade this frustration with ease. Numerous commercially available toilet cleaners and disinfectants contribute to significant indoor pollution. Acid is a major component of these disinfectants which can potentially irritate eyes, nose, lungs and throat. It is imperative that these chemicals are kept out of reach of children. Most chemical fragrances can result in several respiratory ailments.

Does your compost pile stink?Growing population and rapid urbanization has led to the accelerated generation of solid waste in developing countries. Treating this huge load of solid waste generated is not always feasible to the municipalities due to numerous economic and organizational constraints. This leads to accumulation of solid waste in the dumping yards which may end up being burned. Landfills may result in contamination of ground water resources while burning may cause air pollution. Numerous other problems like infestation by insects and rodents may also be associated with these methods of garbage disposal.

Did you know that 49 percent of India’s population is associated with agriculture, but their contribution is just 15 percent in the total GDP? This definitely calls for some major modifications in the agricultural sector, as India is an agricultural country. NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya had also recently expressed his views that reforms in the agricultural sector are essential to bring a second green revolution.

Compost is nature’s own way of recycling organic waste materials into a rich soil containing humus that benefits nature by enhancing soil quality. Though the process of composting may naturally take place in the environment, it may depend on numerous factors such as quality of waste, the climate, the abundance of biodegraders and most importantly the type of microbial population that dominates the entire process of composting.

Tomatoes are one of the most widely grown crops ranging right from small backyard gardens to large fields.
Viral infections in tomato plants may be caused due to numerous viruses. Most viral disease in tomatoes are caused by the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and tomato leaf curl viruses (ToLCV), however many other viruses may also cause significant losses of the crop.

It is very well known the plant-microbe interactions are crucial for the growth and development of plants. However, it has always been believed that processes like nitrogen fixation are mainly associated with microbes that colonize the roots of plants. However, a recent study by Plant microbiologist Sharon Doty and her team in the University of Washington proves otherwise.