Mumbai generates 500 metric tonnes of plastic waste every single day. it’s probably hard to imagine that the plastic waste you generate could potentially be a large contributor to making diarrhoea a killer disease in India. But the staggering numbers tell a different story.
One of the biggest challenges facing India right now is solid waste management. Affecting cleanliness, health, sustainable and ecosystems everywhere, solid waste management needs immediate and urgent government intervention but also a revised perspective from we the people.
Diarrhoea, that slightly embarrassing infection we avoid talking about when we suffer from it! We often consider diarrhoea as something not very serious, yet in India it has become the second biggest killer of children under age five. Around the world annually more than 500000 children under five lose their lives due to severe dehydration caused by diarrhoea.
In my previous post, I wrote about the potential of microbes to change the face of the agricultural industry. A critical player in the health of soil ecosystems, microbes are responsible for nitrogen fixation and phosphate solubilisation actions that nourish crops.
Our soil is one of the most prominent reasons that life is possible on this planet. By definition, soil is particulate surface material made up of various minerals as well as organic matter. Soil supports and nourishes plant and animal life by providing it with nutrients.
Before 12,000 BC, when a climate change event occurred, man was more of a hunter-gatherer. Farming was ‘invented’ in different places: in West Asia about 12,000 BC, in Africa about 10,000 BC, in South America and China about 8000 BC. From these places, agriculture spread to Europe, northern Europe, Sudan and Native Americans between 7000 BC and 1 AD.
While Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a recognised media success, the absence of big-picture thinking is a serious threat to the success of the mission. And it will do nothing to solve the sanitation time bomb we are sitting on. We need to collectively explore sustainable solutions that address India’s sanitation challenges holistically without compromising our environment.
Development is always seen as being achieved at a cost. The price we pay for progress is usually a compromise with our environment. But it doesn’t have to be this way.
In 2009, a team of scientists from around the world came together to create what they called a Planetary Boundaries Framework. This framework identified nine processes that must be monitored to maintain life on earth.
Heavy metals are nothing but any metallic chemical element that has a relatively high molecular weight. But unlike normal metals, they are toxic or poisonous even at very low concentrations. Moreover, they have a propensity to accumulate in selective body organs and cause irreversible damage.